The Capathian bee (Apis mellifera carpatica) was formed in a specific pedo-climatic conditions and of melliferous base found in the Carpathian region. The temperate continental climate in our country is characterized by relatively low and non-uniform precipitations from one area to another and from one year to another and relatively large temperature variations from one season to another.
From the taxonomic-ecology point of view there are widely accepted for our bee five main areas (of reference) to which correspond in terms of adaptive ecotypes some relatively isolated reproductive populations, where there is the possibility to find populations not affected by the transfer of the gene pool in other areas:
Southern Danubian lowland
Low Carpathian hilly land
The Transylvanian Plateau and the Western Plain (including the Banat),
The Moldavian Plateau
The Dobrogea Plateau (including Delta)
In terms of morphometrics, the main characteristics of carpathian honey bee are:
proboscis length between 6.02 mm and 6.64 mm
wing length 9.4 to 9.6 mm past
cubital index (classes) from 2.12 to 3, 70
tarsus index (percent) 54.97 to 58.56.
Carpathian Bees / Queens characteristics:
they are gentle which makes the work easy for the beekeeper
overwinters very well
mild propolis producer
early spring evolution.
Fast rhythm of brood production and then brood rearing reduction when available forage decreases
very good immunity
low tendency to rob honey
Forage earlier in the morning and later in the evening, and on cool, wet days
Due to their region of origin, they are more likely to forage on cold, wet days than other types of bees and rank among the best for overwintering.
From a behavioral standpoint the Romanian honey bee (Carpathian) is a very gentle bee breed with a very quiet behavior on combs. It is characterized by the supesedure of the queen (anecbalie = natural periodic replacement of the queen). Is less prone to robbing and has an moderate instinct of swarming.
The sealing of the honey cells is predominantly “dry” and sometimes intermediate (mixed). It shows a pronounced predisposition to block the nest with honey, in case of harvest of high intensity, a biological feature that makes difficult to maintain the horizontal hives.
The propolisaton tendency is weak.
In terms of production A.m. carpatica is a productive bee!