The Caucasian honey bee originates from the high valleys of the Central Caucasus. Georgia is the “central homeland” for the subspecies, although the bees also can be found in eastern Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. Caucasian bees are silver-gray to dark brown in color. They have a longer tongue than many other bee types and are therefore able to take advantage of more nectar sources.
Shape and Size: similar to A. m. carnica Chitin Color: dark with brown spots at times Hair Color: lead-grey Tongue Length: up to 7.2 mm
Caucasian bees are known for high propolis production. The propolis they produce is soft and sticky, which can make it hard for beekeepers to inspect the hive. They stop producing brood in the fall and tend to overwinter quite well. In addition, because they’re from a cold region they can forage on colder days than other bee races.
Caucasian bees show some resistance to European FoulBrood and are not overly inclined to swarm. Due to their high propolis production, they are not known for being honey comb producers and tend to conserve their honey stores as a result.
Carnica (Carniolan) bees / queens characteristics
low spring evolution
low tendency to swarming
raising strong colonies, but later than the other races.
they fly earlier and in cooler conditions
gentle and calm on the comb
low tendency to rob honey
very great user of propolis
endowed with the longest tongue and take advantage of the nectar sources inaccessible to other races.
ardent brood production – raising strong colonies
colonies reach full strength in mid-summer, which is good for areas where the highest nectar flow is in mid-summer
in its native area a better honey producer than the European dark bee